Nepal is scenic and is one of the best Himalayan kingdoms in the world. Nepal covers an area of 1,47,181 sq. Km. Nepal is a Himalayan kingdom bordered by the People’s Republic of China to the north and India to the south, east and west. The country is known for tourism, trekking, hiking, camping, mountain biking, wildlife parks, jungle safaris, river rafting and for its beautiful temples. The rich tapestry of the cultural heritage of Nepal is synthesized in the Kathmandu Valley. Nepal boasts for consisting twenty-two of the world’s thirty-one highest snow-capped mountains and covers one third of the land area of the country. Peaks like Mt. Everest (8848m), which is the highest peak in the world, is situated in this region of Nepal.
Places of Interest in Nepal
Kathmandu is not only the capital city of Nepal; it is the political, commercial and cultural hub of Nepal. It is one of the oldest cities of the world in the beautiful valley of Himalaya. All tours, treks, adventure starts from Kathmandu in Nepal. The city of Kathmandu attracts tourists from all over the world. The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in Durbar Square called Kaasthamandap. In Sanskrit, Kasth means “wood” and Mandap means “covered shelter.” This unique temple, also known as Maru Satal. The entire structure contains no iron nails or supports and is made entirely from wood.
The city is located 200 km west of Kathmandu and at an altitude of 827 meters. Pokhra is one of the major tourist attractions in Nepal. It is very popular for its adventure tourism and the base for famous Annapurna circuit trek. Phewa Lake is the second largest lake in the Nepal is the centre of attractions. Pokhra has its two major hilltops as its viewpoints to view the city and surrounding panaroma, World Peace Pagoda built in 1996 across the southern shore of Phewa lake and Sarangkot which is located northwest of the city. Pokhra has number of Museums which are famous for their respective disciplines.
Nagarkot located 32 km east of Kathmandu, Nepal in Bhaktapur district. At an altitude of 2195 meter, Nagarkot is considered as one of the most scenic places in eastern Nepal. Nagarkot has become more popular because it is one of the best places to get glimpses of the highest summit in the world, Mt. Everest. Nagarkot offers an excellent view of the Indrawati river valley to the east. For mountain viewing in the Kathmandu Valley, Nagarkot is usually considered to be the best. The views can be captured from Dhaulagiri in the west to Kanchenjunga in the east.
Lumbini literally means the lovely. It is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi district of Nepal and it is said that this is place where Queen Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama. Lumbini is one of four major pilgrim centres for Buddhist. The other is Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya and Sarnath. It is situated on the western bank of Telar River in Rupandehi district of Lumbini zone in Nepal. It is about 300 kilometres west of capital city Kathmandu. The place itself is interesting as a whole, the landscapes and the green forestry. A visit to Lumbini is not only for spiritual enlightenment but also for solace and satisfaction that one gets in such a calm and peaceful place.
Chitwan is known for the famous Chitwan National Park and is the first national park in Nepal. The Park is spread over an area of nearly 932 square kilometres and shares its eastern boundary with the Parsa Wildlife Reserve. The Chitwan National Park is home to at least 43 species of mammals. The “King of the Jungle” is the Bengal Tiger. The park is especially renowned for the protection of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros, gharial crocodile along with many other common species of wild animals. The estimated population of endangered species of animals such as gaur, wild elephant, four horned antelope, striped hyena, pangolin, gangetic dolphin, monitor lizard and python, etc.
The name Manakamana derived from two words, Mana means the “Heart” or “Soul” and the Kamana means “Wish”. It is believed that the Goddess fulfils the wishes of the people who worship her with a pure heart. There is a tradition of sacrificing animals at the temple. Situated on the top of a 1300 meter hill, surrounded by a small village community in gorkha district of Nepal, 105 km west of Kathmandu the Manakamana Devi temple is a highly venerated sacred place of Hindu Goddess Bhagwati.
Pashupatinath is an incarnation of the Hindu Lord Shiva. It is regarded as the most revered deity of Nepal. Shree Pashupatinath Temple is located at the bank of the river Bagmati, is considered the most sacred place. Pashupatinath is derived from three Sanskrit words pashu means organism, pati means protector and nath means Lord. Over the years Lord Pashupatinath became a great place of pilgrimage. Rulers of Nepal over centuries made contributions in enriching and beautifying this temple.
This city is the eighth largest city in Nepal. It is situated just five kilometres east of the Indian border and seven hundred kilometres west of Kathmandu. It is named after late king Mahendra Bir Bikram Saha of Nepal. After Nepal was declared republic in 2008 the city name changed to Bhim Dutta. Places of interest include the Royal Shuklafanta National Park.