Bhutan is known as the “The Land of Thunder Dragon”. It is one of the most isolated nations in the world. Bhutan is stunning with glaciated mountain peaks and an extremely cold climate in the winters. Bhutan with an area of 38,400 Sq. Km lies along the lofty ridges of Southeast Himalayas, bordered on the north and east by Tibet and on the south and west by India respectively. Bhutan, a purely Buddhist Himalayan Kingdom is surpassed in its scenic majesty and vibrant culture. The Kingdom shares with Nepal the world’s greatest concert ration of mountains and living heritage of Buddhism. It offers Spectacular Mountain views, immense scenic beauty, unique culture, lifestyle, this mystic country maintain its age – old traditions in the modern world. It is the last surviving refuge of traditional Himalayan Buddhist culture.
Places of Interest in Bhutan
Phuentsholing is a border town in southern Bhutan. Phuentsholing is also called the gateway of Bhutan. Phuentsholing lies close to the Indian border town of Jaigaon. Phuentsholling is a main commercial hub in south-west Bhutan. From Phuentsholing the road winds north, over the southern foothills, through lush forested valleys and around the rigged north-south ridges of the inner of Thimphu and Paro. From Phuentsholling one can visit the Indian wildlife of Buxa Tiger reserve and other places in the Dooars. Cooch Behar and Alipurduar are also close by and few places are worth visiting staying at this small border town.
Thimpu is the wide new Capital of Bhutan is on the banks of the river Wang-Chu. It is situated in the western central part of Bhutan. The entire district of Thimphu has a population below one lakh. The city became the capital of Bhutan in 1961. As a capital city Thimpu is far away from the hectic lifestyle and polluted atmosphere of other capital cities in the world and famous for its untouched natural beauty. Thimphu is home to the revered Bhutanese Royal Family, the Royal Govt. and Judiciary and to several foreign missions and development projects.
Paro, a beautiful valley in Bhutan, is one of the most attractive tourist destinations of this mountainous country. This beautiful town of Paro is in western Bhutan attracts tourists with its scenic beauty, beautiful landscapes, wooded villages, historic buildings, Dzongs, etc. Paro is also home for number of oldest and famous temples and monasteries of Bhutan. Paro has a close cultural connection with Tibet than any other places in Bhutan as the pass on the head of the valley was a throughfare for traders and invaders from Tibet.
Punakha was the capital of Bhutan and the seat of government until 1955 till the capital was moved to Thimphu. It is about 72 kilometers away from Thimpu and located at an elevation of nearly 1200 metres. It is situated along the river valleys of two main rivers namely the Pho Chu and Mo Chu. The Punakha is a Dzongkhag (which means district) in Bhutan. The Punakha Dzong is the main attraction around here. It was constructed in 1631. Other places to visit are Punthang Dechen Phodrang known as the ‘The Palace of Great Bliss’ was built in 1637 by the Zhabdrung.
Bumthang lies in the central Bhutan just to the east of Trongsa situated at an elevation of nearly 2600 meters. The Bumthang region includes four scenic valleys; they are Choskhor, Tang, Ura and Chhume. It also home to some of the oldest Buddhist monasteries and temples. Each of the four valleys in Bumthang has its own dialect. Legend has it that when the Lamas assembled to decide on a site for Jakar Dzong, a big white bird rose suddenly in the air and settled on a spur of the hill and it was here that `Castle of the white bird` was built.
Located in South West of Paro and covering an area of roughly 1706 sq. km. Haa is the smallest Dzongkhag in the country. This tiny region is one of the most beautiful and isolated areas in the kingdom, adorned with pristine alpine forests and tranquil mountain peaks.Haa is the ancestral home of the Queen Grandmother and the illustrious Dorji family. This valley remains one of the least visited areas in the country and retains the air of an unspoiled, primeval forest. The wooded hills of Haa provides an ideal location for hiking and mountain biking. Biking around the valley to visit the dozen or so local temples is an enjoyable way to spend the day when visiting.Haa is home to a number of nomadic herders and hosts an annual Summer Festival that showcases their unique lifestyle and culture. The festival is an ideal occasion to immerse yourself into the traditions and unchanged lifestyles of nomadic Bhutanese herders, as well as to sample some delectable Haapi cuisine.
Mongar is close to Bumathang and is situated at an altitude of nearly 1700 meters. The journey from Bumthang to Mongar, crossing over the 4,000m high Thrumsing-la pass, is scenically spectacular. The small town marks the beginning of eastern Bhutan. The second largest town in the subtropical east, Mongar is built high on a gently sloping hillside. Places of Interest in Mongar are Mongar Dzong.
Trongsa literally means the new village is situated at an elevation of 2300 meters i.e. 7545 feet. The royal family’s ancestral home is Trongsa. Both his majesty king Ugyen Wangchuk, the Penlop of Trongsa, who was elected the country’s first hereditary monarch, and his successor king Jigme Wangchuk, ruled the country from Trongsa’s ancient Dzong. Trongsa is the activity center of the nation.