Arunachal Pradesh is one of the 28 states of India. Located in northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east and the People’s Republic of China in the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state. China claims most of the state as part of Tibet and calls the disputed area South Tibet. Arunachal Pradesh, which translates to “land of the dawn-lit mountains“,is also known as the “Orchid State of India” or the “Paradise of the Botanists“. Geographically, it is the largest among the North-east Indian states commonly known as the Seven Sister States.As in other parts of Northeast India, the people native to the state trace their origins from the Tibeto-Burman and Mongoloid race. A large number of migrants from various parts of India and foreign lands have and have been affecting the state’s population.No reliable population count of the migrant population exists, and the percentage estimating the total actual population accordingly vary. Arunachal Pradesh has the highest number of regional languages in South Asia enriched with diverse culture and traditions.
Place of interest in Arunachal Pradesh
Tawang is a town situated at an elevation of approximately 3,048 metres (10,000 ft) in the northwestern part of Arunachal Pradesh of India. The area is claimed by both thePeople’s Republic of China and the Republic of China as a part of South Tibet. The town once served as the district headquarters of West Kameng district, and became the district headquarters of Tawang district when it was formed from West Kameng.
Tawang Monastery in Arunachal Pradesh is the largest monastery in India. It was founded near the small town of the same name in the northwestern part of Arunachal Pradesh state ofIndia by Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1680-1681 in accordance with the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama. The monastery belongs to the Gelugpa school and has a religious association with Drepung Monastery in Lhasa, which continued during the period of British rule. It is very close to the Tibetan border, in the valley of the Tawang-chu which flows down from Tibet. The monastery is three stories high and occupies an area of 140 m. It is enclosed by a 610 m long compound wall. Within the complex there are 65 residential buildings and 10 other structures.Tawang Monastery is one of the largest monasteries of Mahayana sect in Asia. The monastery is also known in Tibetan as Galden Namgey Lhatse, which translates to ‘celestial paradise in a clear night.’ The library of the monastery has valuable old scriptures, mainly Kanjur and Tanjur, numbering 850 bundles.
Bomdila is the headquarters of West Kameng district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Bomdila is located at 27.25°N 92.4°E. It has an average elevation of 2217 metres (7273 feet). As of 2001 India census, Bomdila had a population of 6685. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Bomdila has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 75% and female literacy of 63%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. It is inhabited by the Monpa, Sherdukpen, Miji, Bugun andAka tribes. The Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary is near Bomdila.
The Sela Pass (more appropriately called Se La, as La means Pass) is the high-altitude mountain pass located in Tawang District of Arunachal Pradesh state of India. It has an elevation of 4170 m (13,700 ft). connects the Buddhist city of Tawang Town to Tezpur and Guwahati and is the main road connecting Tawang with the rest of India. Tawang is situated at a distance of 78 km from Sela Pass while Guwahati is at a distance of 340 km. The pass has hardly any vegetation and is usually snow covered to some extent all through the year.During winter temperature in the pass can go down to -10 degrees.This place is snowed in most of the year and offers excellent and heavenly views all year round. This part of the Eastern Himalayan range is pretty special for the Buddhists as it is believed that about 101 lakes exist in and around Sela pass and each of these lakes has a huge religious significance for the Buddhist community. Very close to the Pass is the beautiful Sela Lake (sometimes called Paradise Lake because of its beauty), which could be fully or partially frozen in winter. Some small rivers also flow out of the lake and during grazing season, yaks grazing around the lake.While Sela Pass does get heavy snow in winters, it is usually open throughout the year unless landslides or snow require the pass to be shut down temporarily. Sela Pass is the main route to access Tawang town, and given the proximity of Tawang District with Tibet. Sela Pass is situated at a distance of 78 km from Tawang town. The pass is open throughout the year. During landslide and heavy snow the pass is shut down temporarily. Tawang district lies in close proximity to Tibet and is also the main rout to access Tawang. Border Roads Organization (BRO) of India works hard to keep the pass open throughout the year. While summers at Sela Pass are not very cold, temperature in winter can dip down to -10 degree Celsius.
Itanagar pronunciation is the capital of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Itanagar is situated at the foothills of Himalayas. It comes administratively under Papum Pare district.As it is a state capital, Itanagar is well connected by road and air. There is a helicopter service between Guwahati and Naharlagun (Itanagar). Buses are available from Guwahati. The nearest railway station is Harmuti in Assam.Interesting places around are historical fort called Ita-fort which dates back to the 15th century (after which the city is named), legendary Ganga Lake or Gyakar Sinyi and the newBuddhist temple known as Buddha Vihar consecrated by the Dalai Lama.Important economic activities include farming and agriculture.
Ziro is a census town in Lower Subansiri district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It has been a favorite town for World Heritage Site for a number of years now. In a meeting of Archeological Survey of India (ASI) on December 12, 2012 it was shortlisted for inclusion in the Tentative List for further nomination to UNESCO for inscription in the World Heritage Site.The part of the town which is the centre of economic activities and where the administrative offices are located is called as Hapoli or locally known by the Apatanis as “Hao-Polyang”. Ziro is the district headquarters of Lower Subansiri district and is one of the oldest towns in Arunachal Pradesh. It was the headquarters of the undivided Subansiri district comprising the present districts of Upper Subsansiri, Kurung Kumey, Lower Subansiri and Papum Pare. It is located at 27.63°N 93.83°E at an elevation of 1688 metres (5538 feet) to 2438 meters(8000 feet). Its cool weather in summer is its major attraction. It is famous for its pine-clad gentle hills around it and rice field all around. Ziro is home to the Apatani tribe.Apatanis have few unique special characteristic features which differs from other tribes in Arunachal Pradesh and India. Few of these special characteristic features are: (A) Apatanis are permanently settled in one place whereas other tribes are nomadic in nature move from one place to another in search of fertile lands. They travel vast area of forests and settle temporarily for not more than four to five years in one place. (B) Apatanis cultivate permanent wet land cultivations whereas other tribes practice dry land cultivations by clearing the forests by burning the jungles. (C) Apatanis used to practice facial tattoos before; now they have dropped this custom few decades back.
Daporijo is a census town in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Upper Subansiri district. Daporijo is located at an elevation of 600 m above sea level. As of 2001 India census, Daporijo had a population of 15,468. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Daporijo has an average literacy rate of 59%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 66% and, female literacy is 51%. In Daporijo, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age. Daporijo is headquarters of Upper Subansiri District, which is home land of four ethnic groups viz. Galo, Tagin, Hillmiri and Nah tribes. And of different belief background viz. Christianity, Donyi Poloism and Animism.
Aalo’ earlier known as ‘Along’ is a census town and headquarters of the West Siang district of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is located about 150 kilometres (93 mi) fromLilabari which is at the border of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. Along features a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification. The climate is predominantly cool during winters, and humid during summers. Temperatures typically range from near about 0 °C (32 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F) over the course of a year. The average temperature during summer is between 19 °C (66 °F) and 27 °C (81 °F), and between 0 °C (32 °F) and 10 °C (50 °F) in winter. Monthly precipitation varies between 24.1 millimetres (0.95 in) in November to 487.4 millimetres (19.19 in) in July. It is typically around 35.05 millimetres (1.4 in) per month during winter and spring and around 388.13 millimetres (15.3 in) during June to September as the monsoon approaches. The average total annual precipitation is 2,476.6 millimetres (98 in). Snowfall in the region occurs mostly in late November to early January in upper reaches of the district. Along receives snow occasionally.
Pasighat is the headquarters of East Siang district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Situated at 155 meters, with its scenic splendours, Pasighat is Arunachal’s oldest town. Pasighat was founded in 1911 A.D. by the British as a gateway to administrative convenience of the greater Abor Hills and the north area in general. Primarily there were settlements ofPasi and Minyong communities who are still living in the villages in and around Pasighat. Year 2011 (January) marked 100 years of its existence and this occasion was celebrated in the DSA Ground (in February last week) after having extended the function for more than half a dozen times, thereby creating a mass public irritation. (Supplement: DARUNG KALING).Cognizance of Pasighat emerged due to the Anglo-Abor War that was fought in 1912. This necessitated the first ever administrative headquarters being established here with an Assistant Political Officer posted. In the post-independent Era, Pasighat is credited with the first Airfield (near Paglek, P.I. Line) established in 1946. The first Agricultural Institute in Arunachal Pradesh was also established at Pasighat in 1950. Other forms of later infrastructural development include the famous, (1) General Hospital (estb. 1954, although some claim it as old as the town itself), (2) Co-operative society Ltd (1957), (3) Nurse Training Centre (affiliated to General Hospital), (4) The first ever College in Arunachal Pradesh – Jawaharlal Nehru College (established: July 4, 1964) and also (5) the first ever All India Radio Station in the State in 1966.The early proponents for the shifting of capital from Shillong (the then NEFA), underlined Pasighat as the obvious choice under the new preference. One of the strong reasons given by the officials was the above leading relative infrastructural development in the whole of the state. However, because of the then over-crafty chumps and the self-crowned top dogs, the privilege was lost with a serious distaste to the present capital Itanagar. Since that catastrophe of 1974, Pasighat has failed to yield its lost tempo of modernization; nevertheless it has embarked as the new intellectual hub of the whole state. (Supplement: DARUNG KALING).The only renown development in Pasighat that came after the 1974 catastrophe was in the form of the College Of Horticulture and Forestry Central Agriculture University established on March 7, 2001. (Supplement: DARUNG KALING).Pasighat is located at 28.07°N 95.33°E.It has an average elevation of 153 metres (501 ft). The area experiences tropical humid climate during summer and dry mild winter. The place is known for receiving the highest rainfall in a single year. In fact Pasighat and the area around it receive heavy rainfall every year during monsoon season starting from May until September. The unique trough like features surrounded by high hills on all three sides make this place ideal for attracting rain bearing cloud which come in from the Assam plain. The rain bearing wind gets obstructed by the hills and brings heavy downpour. Winter is marked by cold dry local seasonal wind which blows throughout the winter. This factor contributes in making this place fog-free even in winter. The Brahmaputra emerges from the foothills under the name of Dihang or Siang. It enters India as Dihang, west of Sadiya town in Arunachal Pradesh. Flowing south-west, it receives its main left bank tributaries, viz. Dibang and Lohit; thereafter, it is known as the Brahmaputra. Then it races across the Pasighat (north of Assam) heading for the Assam plains as the mighty Brahmaputra.
Talley Valley Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh, India.Arunachal Pradesh as a whole contains 40% of the floral and faunal species in India. The Ziro valley has a good share of this biodiversity. Thirty kilometres from the town of Ziro is the sanctuary.At the altitude of 2400 metres, Talley is a plateau with dense forest of silver fir trees, pine clad plateau of beautiful grandeur, and a vast wasteland. The area has some of the most important endangered species including the clouded leopard.Talle camp is 30 km from Ziro, the headquarters of Lower Subansiri district. The gateway to the sanctuary is the Pange Camp which is 7 km from Manpolyang.In a significant development, the State Wildlife Advisory Board, in its meeting on December 4, 2010, approved the creation of a new Talle Wildlife Sanctuary Division to be headquartered at Manipolyang. Till now, the sanctuary was manned by a Range Officer with few field staff in Pange.
Bhismaknagar Fort is the major attraction of this place and is located at a distance of 30 Kms from Roing. According to 8th century, it is one of the oldest Forts and is visited by many locals and tourists round the year. There are several artifacts that were found during the excavation process like terracotta plaques, terracotta figurines, potteries and decorative tiles.
Menga’s Natural Cave is situated at Menga in Upper Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh. Tourists must crawl through a narrow crevice to approach the cave. This place draws a large number of visitors and pilgrims, specially during theMakar Sankranti and Mahashivaratri. The cave is believed to be sacred to Lord Shiva.Menga’s Natural Cave is located 19 km away from Daporijo. Tezpur Airport and North Lakhimpur Railway Station are the nearest airport and railway station.
Siang River valleys and tributaries are the home of the Adi people of Arunachal Pradesh. The Siang River offers ample opportunities for adventure sports like river rafting, angling, and trekking. A hanging bridge on the Siang River is an interesting sight to be seen. The bridge made of cane and bamboo. Siang River valleys and tributaries are the home of the Adi people of Arunachal Pradesh. The Siang River offers ample opportunities for adventure sports like river rafting, angling, and trekking. A hanging bridge on the Siang River is an interesting sight to be seen. The bridge made of cane and bamboo is around 60 to 70m long, connecting the hill tribal settlements.
In autumn of 1962 Walong was the scene of the Battle of Walong when the Indian Army 11th Infantry Brigade battled the Chinese advances. Indians were defeated decisively by the Chinese. Only Mao’s decision to withdraw the PLA allowed the Indians to re-take Walong. A canopied memorial to the Indian war dead of 1962 was erected long ago. A new large memorial to the Walong war dead of 1962 has come up in 2002 on the road leading North to Kibithu. Two small temples have also come up on ‘Helmet Top’, a hill position some 18 kilometres away, which was so named because of helmets and other military gear found strewn there.
Dong is a small village in Arunachal Pradesh. It is the easternmost village in the country, near the point where India, China and Myanmar meet.Dong lies at the junction of the Lohit River and the Sati (or Sai Ti) stream at an elevation of 1,240 metres (4,070 ft). The Dong valley is unspoiled and has great natural beauty.The village, with just three huts, can be reached on foot from Walong in a 90-minute climb. The children go to school in Walong. The local people grow rice, makai and maize and raise pigs andchickens.
This circuit takes one to the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary which is one of the largest sanctuaries of Arunachal Pradesh located in the East Kameng district.Seijosa is a small but beautiful sub-divisional administrative headquarters located on the bank of Pakhui (Pakke) river. It is a hot spot for picnickers. The wildlife sanctuary spreads over an area of 861.95 sq km and has been declared as a Project Tiger Reserve (Pakke Tiger reserve). Some of the major wildlife species found here are tiger, elephant, gaur, sambar, barking deer, leopard, and hornbill etc.
Nestled in the lower reaches of the Lohit River, Parshuram Kund is a sacred place in Arunachal Pradesh.Situated 13 miles to the north-east of Tezu, the Kund has been recognized as a pilgrim spot, visited by a large number of devotees. On every Makar Sankranti (Indian Harvest Festival), devotees from different parts of the world visit this place. This sacred place leaves an indelible impression on the mind of the visitors as well as pilgrims.
Malinithan is located in the West Siang District of Arunachal Pradesh. It is situated at the foot of the Siang hills under the Likabali Sub-Division. The site is just 1 km from Likabali city and is about 185 km from the state capital Itanagar. Malinithan derives its name from the legendary story associated with Lord Krishna. It is said that Lord Krishna appraised Goddess Parvati as “Sucharu Malini“. From the word Malini the site became popular as Malinithan.Malinithan is a sacred temple site located near Likabali city of Arunachal Pradesh. This holy place of worship is visited by a huge number of pilgrims every year.In addition to pilgrim, Malinithan also has some interesting trekking and hiking trails to the Siang Hills.
pond and it is believed that the Kund has some medicinal value for curing any kind of disease. A bird’s eye view of the sacred Brahmaputra River can be Akashiganga Temple is one of the famous Hindu pilgrimage sites in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Akashi Ganga is located just 12 km from Malinithan in West Siang District. According to Hindu Myths, Akashiganga is associated with the story of Shakti Peethas. It is believed that an angry Lord Shiva started performing Shiva Tandava with the dead body of Goddess Sati. To pacify Lord Shiva and to get rid of the attachment for the dead body, Lord Mahavishnu cut the dead body of Goddess Sati in to pieces using Sudarshan Chakra. The head part of Goddess Sati fell at Akashiganga and the place later became an important sacred destination for Shakti worship.The Sacred Kund is located around 100 meters from the Akashiganga Temple. Devotees need to go downwards through the spiral path that leads to the temple. The major tourist attraction is that from far distance one can see some glittering thing at the Kund. But as one gets closer the shining object disappears. Due to this phenomenon devotees consider it as a holy Kund. Devotees take a holy dip in the sacred found far below.
Namdapha National Park is the largest protected area in the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot and is located in Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. It is also the third largest national park in India in terms of area. It is located in the Eastern Himalayan sub-region and is recognized as one of the richest areas in biodiversity in India. The park harbours the northernmost lowland evergreen rainforests in the world at 27°N latitude. The area is also known for extensive Dipterocarp forests.